Historical past of Skincare Half 16: The Industrial Revolution, 1800-1849
The Face of the Industrial Revolution
When imagining the individuals who lived throughout the Industrial Revolution, it’s straightforward to image the characters from a Charles Dickens novel. It’s straightforward to think about cities full of soot-faced Oliver Twists and David Copperfields. In some respects, this image is correct. The primary half of the nineteenth century noticed many main technological advances. The invention of the steam engine made manufacturing and transportation a lot simpler and dozens of enormous factories sprung up throughout the span of some years. New mining strategies had been developed with the intention to produce the coal wanted to energy the brand new factories. Rural residents, in search of work, started emigrate to main cities comparable to London and New York. The air was certainly full of a Dickensian smog, however the Industrial Revolution additionally had a profound impact on skincare merchandise and beauty use. As the common pay rose, an growing variety of unusual residents had been discovering themselves capable of afford soaps and make-ups that had beforehand been far out of attain.
A Ethical Dilemma
By the tip of the eighteenth century, make-up had been deemed inappropriate for all however prostitutes and actors. Whereas this perspective persevered all through a lot of the nineteenth century, ladies had been allowed just a few beauty exceptions. Pale pores and skin was nonetheless thought of a mark of excessive beginning and whereas the heavy lead powders of a century earlier had been not used, they had been changed by a skinny coating of zinc oxide. The zinc oxide provided the advantage of a lightened pores and skin tone, however was extra refined and extra pure trying than the caked on powder that had been so in style earlier than. Delicate eyeshadow constituted of lampblack was additionally in style, though lip and cheek rouge remained taboo. Whereas many ladies nonetheless combined their very own cosmetics, fashionable manufacturing strategies had made it a lot simpler to mass produce these merchandise. Though using manufactured cosmetics was extraordinarily in style, nevertheless, it was not thought of correct to purchase or promote magnificence merchandise. Due to this, most shops offered them below the counter. **
Despite the stigma that also surrounded skincare and beauty merchandise, some ladies did communicate out to advertise their use. In 1833, Jacobine Weiler printed a e book titled, “Cosmetics of the Feminine Intercourse, or The Secret Artwork of Perfecting Magnificence and Well being and Retaining It into Previous Age” that promoted beauty use as a magnificence assist. Whereas respectable ladies couldn’t be seen shopping for lip or cheek rouge, quite a few recipes had been printed describing strategies for making lip pomade within the residence. Recipes included frequent elements comparable to butter, wax and pure dies constituted of currants and the plant alkanna tictoria.***
For all the ladies who defended beauty use, nevertheless, there have been many others who believed that carrying make-up was step one towards a lifetime of sin. Many books devoted to the defamation of cosmetics had been additionally printed. “Godey’s Woman’s Ebook,” for instance, was printed across the center of the century. It urged that as an alternative of attempting to cowl blemishes with make-up, ladies ought to rely solely on “ethical cosmetics,” which included sleeping and avoiding sinful pastimes comparable to playing and ingesting.
Cleaning the Pure Means
As mass manufacturing strategies had been refined, the worth of quite a few hygiene merchandise turned cheaper and extra available. Whereas perfumed soaps had been thought of a luxurious merchandise half a century earlier, cleaning soap was now commonplace in all however the poorest houses. As a result of ladies might not conceal behind a thick layer of powder, there was a a lot stronger emphasis on naturally stunning pores and skin. Harsh cleansers had been extra simply produced as properly, however they had been typically ignored in change for extra pure skincare elements. Egg yolks, honey and oatmeal had been all generally used to melt the pores and skin and assist diminish blemishes. Lemon juice was generally used to naturally bleach the pores and skin just a few shades lighter. Whereas naturally glowing well being could have been the look of selection originally of the nineteenth century, nevertheless, it might quickly make manner for the frail, sickly look of the Victorian Period.
** Learn extra about nineteenth century make-up right here: http://www.localhistories.org/cosmetics.html